The Law (Leviticus 1:2-4)

Verse 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock. For unto no other was the law of sacrifices given; not to the Gentiles, but to the children of Israel: if any man; or woman, for the word man includes the whole species: of you; of you Israelites; the Targum of Jonathan adds, and not of the apostates who worship idols. Interpret it of yours, of your mammon or substance, what was their own property, and not what was stolen from another, Isaiah 61:8, bring an offering unto the Lord, to draw near, because it was not only brought near to God, to the door of the tabernacle where he dwelt, but because by it they drew near to God, and presented themselves to him, and that for them; typical of believers under the Gospel dispensation drawing nigh to God through Christ, by whom their spiritual sacrifices are presented and accepted in virtue of his: ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock; that is, of oxen, and of sheep or goats.

Verse 3 If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. So called, because consumed by fire, even all of it except the skin, and therefore its name with the Greeks is a whole burnt offering, as in Mark 12:33 its name in Hebrew is which comes from a word which signifies to ascend or go up, because not only it was carried up to the altar by the priest, which was common to other sacrifices, but being burnt upon it, it ascended upwards in smoke and vapor; it was typical of Christ's dolorous sufferings and death, who therein sustained the fire of divine wrath, and his strength was dried up like a potsherd with it. Leviticus 1:1 says, there were in the burnt offerings mysteries of future things: let him offer a male; and not a female, pointing at the Messiah's sex, and his strength and excellency, the child that was to be born, and the Son to be given, whose name should be Immanuel: without blemish; or perfect.

Verse 4 ‘He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, that it may be accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf. According to the Targum of Jonathan, it was his right hand; generally thought by the Jewish writers that both hands were laid on, he that lays on hands ought to lay on with all his strength, with both his hands upon the head of the beast, as it is said, upon the head of the burnt offering: not upon the neck, nor upon the sides; and there should be nothing between his hands and the beast: and as the same writer says it must be his own hand and not the hand of his wife, nor the hand of his servant, nor his messenger; and who also observes that at the same time he made confession over the burnt offering both of his sins committed against affirmative, negative precepts: and indeed by this action he owned that he had sinned, and deserved to die as that creature he brought was about to do, and that he expected pardon of his sin through the death of the great sacrifice that was a type of.

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