Jesus Christ (Revelation 1:1-3)
Verse 1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, The Revelation of Jesus Christ, the author: for it was he that sent and showed it by his angel to John; it was he, the lion of the tribe of Judah, that took the book, and opened the seals of it, and which is a very considerable proof of his deity; since none but God could foreknow and foretell things to come, or declare the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet, as is done in this book: or of which he is the subject; for it treats much of his person, offices, and grace, and of Christ mystical, of the state of his church, in the several ages of time; or it is that revelation which was first made unto him, to which sense the following words incline: which God gave unto him; not to him as he is God, for as such he is omniscient, and foreknew whatever would come to pass, and needed no revelation to be made to him.
Verse 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. Who bore record of the word of God, of the essential and eternal Word of God, his only begotten Son; as John the apostle did in his Gospel, and in his epistles, and also in this book; and which is a clear evidence of his being the writer of it, And of the testimony of Jesus Christ; that is, the Gospel, which testifies of the person of Christ, of the truth of his divinity, and reality of his human nature; of the union of the two natures, divine and human, his person: of his several offices, of prophet, priest and King; of what he did and suffered for his people; and of the blessings of grace which they receive by him: and of all things that he saw; with his bodily eyes, as the human body of Christ, the miracles he wrought in it, the transfiguration of it on the mount, the crucifixion of it.
Verse 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near. Blessed is he that reads. This book, the Revelation, privately, in his closet or family, carefully and diligently, with a desire of understanding it; or publicly in the church of God, and endeavors open and explain it to others; and may allude to the reading of the law and the prophets in the synagogues, which were not barely read, but expounded; and the rather this may be thought to be the sense of the words, since there is a change of number in the next clause, and they that hear the words of this prophecy; that listen attentively to the reading and exposition of this book, and have ears to hear, so as to understand the prophecies contained in it: for the whole, when delivered to John, was a prophecy of things to come: but some versions read the number alike in both clauses; as either, blessed is he that reads, and he that hears, as the Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions; or blessed are they that read, and they that hear, as the Arabic version: and keep those things which are written therein; the last version adds, concerning this frail world; who not only read, and hear, but put in practice what they read and hear.